Intellihealth’s Results Proven in Randomized, Published JAMA Study

Intellihealth’s Results Proven in Randomized, Published JAMA Study

Why do lifestyle interventions alone have dieters regaining, on average, more than half of what they lost within two years? Because obesity is a health condition that requires medical treatment. Not only is obesity a key risk factor for heart disease, diabetes and cancer, but the pandemic also has revealed that obesity is a leading risk factor for severe cases of COVID-19. 

With results proven in a randomized clinical trial, combining population health management with Intellihealth resulted in a small but statistically significant greater amount of weight loss at 12 months compared with usual care or the online program only.

Key Points

 

Question

Does a combined intervention, including an online weight management program integrated with population health management (additional support and outreach from nonclinical staff), increase weight loss at 12 months among primary care patients compared with the online program only and usual care?

Findings

In this cluster randomized trial of 840 patients with overweight or obesity and a diagnosis of hypertension or type 2 diabetes, the mean weight loss at 12 months was 1.2 kg in the usual care group, 1.9 kg in the online program only group, and 3.1 kg in the combined online program with population health management group. The difference in weight loss between the combined intervention group and either the usual care group or the online program only group was statistically significant.

Meaning

Combining population health management with an online program resulted in a small but statistically significant greater amount of weight loss at 12 months compared with usual care or the online program only.

Abstract

 

Importance

Online programs may help with weight loss but have not been widely implemented in routine primary care.

Objective

To compare the effectiveness of a combined intervention, including an online weight management program plus population health management, with the online program only and with usual care.

Design, Setting, and Participants

Cluster randomized trial with enrollment from July 19, 2016, through August 10, 2017, at 15 primary care practices in the US. Eligible participants had a scheduled primary care visit and were aged 20 to 70 years, had a body mass index between 27 and less than 40, and had a diagnosis of hypertension or type 2 diabetes. Follow-up ended on May 8, 2019.

Interventions

Participants in the usual care group (n = 326) were mailed general information about weight management. Participants in the online program only group (n = 216) and the combined intervention group (n = 298) were registered for the online program. The participants in the combined intervention group also received weight-related population health management, which included additional support from nonclinical staff who monitored their progress in the online program and conducted periodic outreach.

Main Outcomes and Measures

The primary outcome was weight change at 12 months based on measured weights recorded in the electronic health record. Weight change at 18 months was a secondary outcome.

Results

Among the 840 participants who enrolled (mean age, 59.3 years [SD, 8.6 years]; 60% female; 76.8% White), 732 (87.1%) had a recorded weight at 12 months and the missing weights for the remaining participants were imputed. There was a significant difference in weight change at 12 months by group with a mean weight change of –1.2 kg (95% CI, –2.1 to –0.3 kg) in the usual care group, –1.9 kg (95% CI, –2.6 to –1.1 kg) in the online program only group, and –3.1 kg (95% CI, –3.7 to –2.5 kg) in the combined intervention group (P < .001). The difference in weight change between the combined intervention group and the usual care group was –1.9 kg (97.5% CI, –2.9 to –0.9 kg; P < .001) and the difference between the combined intervention group and the online program only group was –1.2 kg (95% CI, –2.2 to –0.3 kg; P = .01). At 18 months, the mean weight change was –1.9 kg (95% CI, –2.8 to –1.0 kg) in the usual care group, –1.1 kg (95% CI, –2.0 to –0.3 kg) in the online program only group, and –2.8 kg (95% CI, –3.5 to –2.0 kg) in the combined intervention group (P < .001).

Conclusions and Relevance

Among primary care patients with overweight or obesity and hypertension or type 2 diabetes, combining population health management with an online program resulted in a small but statistically significant greater weight loss at 12 months compared with usual care or the online program only. Further research is needed to understand the generalizability, scalability, and durability of these findings.

Trial Registration

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02656693

Read the full JAMA article here.

Why do lifestyle interventions alone have dieters regaining, on average, more than half of what they lost within two years? Because obesity is a health condition that requires medical treatment. Not only is obesity a key risk factor for heart disease, diabetes and cancer, but the pandemic also has revealed that obesity is a leading risk factor for severe cases of COVID-19. 

With results proven in a randomized clinical trial, combining population health management with Intellihealth resulted in a small but statistically significant greater amount of weight loss at 12 months compared with usual care or the online program only.

Effect of an Online Weight Management Program Integrated With Population Health Management on Weight Change

Published Nov. 3, 2020

Key Points

Question  Does a combined intervention, including an online weight management program integrated with population health management (additional support and outreach from nonclinical staff), increase weight loss at 12 months among primary care patients compared with the online program only and usual care?

Findings  In this cluster randomized trial of 840 patients with overweight or obesity and a diagnosis of hypertension or type 2 diabetes, the mean weight loss at 12 months was 1.2 kg in the usual care group, 1.9 kg in the online program only group, and 3.1 kg in the combined online program with population health management group. The difference in weight loss between the combined intervention group and either the usual care group or the online program only group was statistically significant.

Meaning  Combining population health management with an online program resulted in a small but statistically significant greater amount of weight loss at 12 months compared with usual care or the online program only.

Abstract

Importance  Online programs may help with weight loss but have not been widely implemented in routine primary care.

Objective  To compare the effectiveness of a combined intervention, including an online weight management program plus population health management, with the online program only and with usual care.

Design, Setting, and Participants  Cluster randomized trial with enrollment from July 19, 2016, through August 10, 2017, at 15 primary care practices in the US. Eligible participants had a scheduled primary care visit and were aged 20 to 70 years, had a body mass index between 27 and less than 40, and had a diagnosis of hypertension or type 2 diabetes. Follow-up ended on May 8, 2019.

Interventions  Participants in the usual care group (n = 326) were mailed general information about weight management. Participants in the online program only group (n = 216) and the combined intervention group (n = 298) were registered for the online program. The participants in the combined intervention group also received weight-related population health management, which included additional support from nonclinical staff who monitored their progress in the online program and conducted periodic outreach.

Main Outcomes and Measures  The primary outcome was weight change at 12 months based on measured weights recorded in the electronic health record. Weight change at 18 months was a secondary outcome.

Results  Among the 840 participants who enrolled (mean age, 59.3 years [SD, 8.6 years]; 60% female; 76.8% White), 732 (87.1%) had a recorded weight at 12 months and the missing weights for the remaining participants were imputed. There was a significant difference in weight change at 12 months by group with a mean weight change of –1.2 kg (95% CI, –2.1 to –0.3 kg) in the usual care group, –1.9 kg (95% CI, –2.6 to –1.1 kg) in the online program only group, and –3.1 kg (95% CI, –3.7 to –2.5 kg) in the combined intervention group (P < .001). The difference in weight change between the combined intervention group and the usual care group was –1.9 kg (97.5% CI, –2.9 to –0.9 kg; P < .001) and the difference between the combined intervention group and the online program only group was –1.2 kg (95% CI, –2.2 to –0.3 kg; P = .01). At 18 months, the mean weight change was –1.9 kg (95% CI, –2.8 to –1.0 kg) in the usual care group, –1.1 kg (95% CI, –2.0 to –0.3 kg) in the online program only group, and –2.8 kg (95% CI, –3.5 to –2.0 kg) in the combined intervention group (P < .001).

Conclusions and Relevance  Among primary care patients with overweight or obesity and hypertension or type 2 diabetes, combining population health management with an online program resulted in a small but statistically significant greater weight loss at 12 months compared with usual care or the online program only. Further research is needed to understand the generalizability, scalability, and durability of these findings.

Trial Registration  ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02656693

Read the full JAMA article here.

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